In web development, there are mainly two types of scripting languages.
- Server Side Scripting Language
- Client Side Scripting Language
Server Side Scripting Language
This is a kind of language that runs on server. You might have heard some of them like PHP, ASP, ASP.net, Coldfusion etc. Let's say that you have a URL 'http://www.example.com/index.php', when you access that URL, the file 'index.php', placed on the server gets compiled and converted into HTML and sent back to the client. The thing worth noting is that the file 'index.php', ran on the server. That's why it is called server side scripting language.
Why client side scripting language is needed?
Let's take an example:
If you want to change the color/size of a button after it is clicked. If there is no client side scripting language, you will have to request the server to provide me that HTML which the button color/size have been changed. This will reload the page and fetch a new one. But due to client side language, we can change the behavior of a button without re-fetching the page from the server.